Learn with Hanford Mills

What is a Watershed




Students will understand the watershed to which their local community belongs.


Students will locate their local watershed on a NYS Map and research information regarding it to answer questions using the online resources provided.



  • Preparation Time: : 15 minutes
  • Class Time: approximately 30 minutes


  • If this is to be a group activity, ask students to break into small groups of 2-3.
  • Hand out the New York State maps, one to each student or group.
  • Find your watershed and the watershed of Hanford Mills Museum (Zip code 13757) on the EPA’s ‘Surf Your Watershed’ site: http://cfpub.epa.gov/surf/locate/index.cfm
  • Ask students to find Hanford Mills Museum’s watershed (northern Delaware County) and to outline and label it on their NYS map.
  • Ask students to find the local watershed using the website and to outline and label it on their NYS map.
  • Ask students to use the Diagram of Tree Anatomy to draw their own tree and label its parts, including xylem, phloem, stem, leaves, etc.
    • Ask students to explore the site to find answers to the following questions:

    • Are Hanford Mills and your community located in the same watershed?
    • Is your watershed as you expected it to be?
  • Discuss your findings in class.


  • Maps
  • Answers to questions
  • Participation in class discussion (speaking and listening)

NYS Learning Standards:

  • ELA Standard 1
  • Social Studies Standard 3
  • Math, Science, & Technology Standard 4/li>

Vocabulary & Spelling Words:

Watershed – . the region or area drained by a river, stream, etc.; drainage area.