Learn At Our Historic Mill

Natural Resources: Post-visit

Grades:

4-6

Objective:

Learn where and how renewable and non-renewable energy sources are used at Hanford Mills Museum and in industries today.

Method:

Students will discuss how renewable and non-renewable energy sources were used at Hanford Mills in the past and how they are used today at the Museum and in industries. Students also will label a diagram of the water cycle as it pertains to Hanford Mills Museum.

Materials:

Time:

  • Preparation Time: 10 minutes
  • Class Time: 45 minutes

Procedure:

  • Present the discussion questions and ask the students to write them down.
  • Divide the students into small groups.
    • Review your visit to Hanford Mills Museum and how natural resources are used there.
      Questions to ask:

    • What does the Museum use for power? (water, coal, oil, wood)
    • Where does the Museum get its lumber?
    • How did the Hanfords keep their food cold in the past?
    • How did the Hanfords keep the ice that they harvested in the winter through the warm months?
    • How does the Mill depend on natural resources? Explain your answer.
    • Do you think the Mill depended more on natural resources one hundred years ago? Explain your answer.
  • Give each student a copy of the Hanford Mills Water Cycle Diagram.
    • Ask the students to label the parts of the water cycle as they relate to the Mill. In addition to the normal stages of the water cycle, ask them to include the following:

    • Headrace
    • Tailrace
    • Millpond
    • Discuss energy resources at Hanford Mills.
      Questions to ask:

    • Was the pond full when you visited?
    • What do you think would happen to the Mill if it didn’t rain all summer?
    • Where else does the Mill use renewable energy sources?
    • Where does the Mill rely on non-renewable resources?
    • Discuss modern industries that use renewable resources for power.
    • Discuss modern industries that use renewable resources for power.
      Questions to ask:

    • Where have you seen renewable energy resources used in the world today?
    • Where have you seen non-renewable energy resources used in the world today?

Assessment:

  • Participation in class discussions (listening and speaking).
  • Finished water cycle diagram.

NYS Learning Standards:

  • ELA Standard 1
  • Math, Science and Tech. Standard 1
  • Math, Science and Tech. Standard

Vocabulary & Spelling Words:

Energy Resources -n. sources of usable power, such as fossil fuel, electricity, water, wind, or solar radiation.

Headrace – . the race, flume, or channel leading to a water wheel or a millpond.

Millpond – n. a pond for supplying water to drive a mill wheel.

Natural Resources – n. the natural wealth of a country, consisting of land, forests, mineral deposits, water, etc.

Non-renewable – adj. something that cannot be restored or replenished.

Renewable – adj. something that can be restored or replenished.

Resource – n. a source of supply, support, or aid, especially one that can be readily used when needed.

Tailrace – n. the race, flume, or channel leading away from a waterwheel or the Mill.

Water cycle – a continuous cycle where water evaporates, travels into the air and becomes part of a cloud, falls to the earth as precipitation, and then evaporates again.