Learn with Hanford Mills

Ice Harvest Resources




Identify the resources used to produce a block of ice and will categorize them as natural, capital, or human resources. Understand how the cost of ice harvesting was derived.


Students will discuss the resources used in ice harvesting in the past. Students will also categorize these resources in chart form.



  • Preparation Time: 5 minutes
  • Class Time: 30-45 minutes


  • Review your visit to Hanford Mills Museum. The ice industry was a lucrative business because of the high demand for ice, especially in urban areas. People used ice to preserve food. In many areas ice was readily available, and people could harvest it themselves. In other areas people paid money for their ice. The cost of ice depended on the resources used to produce it.
    • Explain the three different types of resources listed on the worksheet:

    • Natural Resources
    • Capital Resources
    • Human Resources
  • Ask your students to name resources used in harvesting ice. List them on the board, but don’t categorize them.
  • Give each student a copy of the Ice Resources Worksheet and ask them to categorize the resources listed on the board.
  • If you wish you can go over the answers as a class. Some of your resources might be categorized differently by different students. Use this chance to debate their answers. In some cases there is no right answer.


  • Participation in class discussion (listening and speaking).
  • Completion of worksheet

NYS Learning Standards:

  • ELA 1
  • MST 4

Vocabulary & Spelling Words:

    Capital Resources – n. the wealth, whether in money or property, owned or employed in a business.

    Human Resources – n. people employed by a company.

    Natural Resources – n. the natural wealth of a country, consisting of land, forests, mineral deposits, water, etc.

    Resource – n. a source of supply, support, or aid, especially one that can be readily used when needed.